Issue 5

‘Amrywiaeth Caleidosgopig’: Addysg ddwyieithog yng Nghymru heddiw (‘Kaleidoscopic Variety’: Bilingual education in Wales today)

Bilingual education (i.e. Welsh and English) occurs widely in Wales. By now, considerable variation exists in the provision of bilingual education and, as in the case of minority languages in other European regions, bilingual education in Wales is a combination of education in language heritage/ maintenance (1st Language Welsh) and immersion education (2nd Language Welsh). Because the bilingual education throughout Wales is characterised by “kaleidoscopic variation” (Baker 1993:15), teachers use a wide variety of teaching methods and bilingual teaching.

Following interviews / observations at bilingual secondary and primary schools throughout Wales during 2007-2009, this paper will explain the aims and methodology of the research project in question, before moving on to discuss some initial findings. Specific reference is made to purposeful concurrent use of language, as teachers use both languages concurrently during the lesson.

The conclusion is reached that further research is necessary into the 'kaleidoscopic variation' of bilingual educational practice in schools in Wales, as well as the analysis and evaluation of the bilingual teaching modules which were observed.


Education, bilingualism, language policy, pedagogy.


Jones, B. (2010), '"Amrywiaeth Caleidosgopig": Addysg ddwyieithog yng Nghymru heddiw', Gwerddon, 5, 9-26. 

Back to articles